Transforming the grid: AI, ML, renewable, storage, EVs, and prosumers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


It is estimated that fifty percent of the world’s energy consumption will be in the form of electrical energy by 2050. The major shift of combustible vehicles to green electrical engines powered through batteries and fuel cells will be seen in the coming future, which will be used as sources when idle. These, and the conventional renewable energy sources like solar-PV, wind energy, and energy storage systems like batteries, will contribute as distributed energy resources (DERs). Application of data-driven technologies will be required to make the modern grid resilient and secure by self-corrective measures toward the source and load intermittent behavior. Machine learning (ML) and optimization techniques are extensively used in the forecasting and operation of these systems. In this chapter, the recent trends followed in applying the optimization techniques based on natural evolution and swarm behavior, like genetic algorithms, differential evolution, particle swarm optimization, ant colony optimization, etc., in the modern grid influenced by various DERs, will be presented. In a grid operating with multiple renewable sources and loads, these methods are fruitful in deciding the optimal source selection for economic load dispatch. These techniques are also being employed on the component level, for example, in the control of power electronics control, which helps in performance enhancement by selecting the states that will produce the least harmonics in the system. Further, the ANN can be trained to perform according to the datasets obtained from the optimization techniques. This chapter will show a case study where a metaheuristic technique and artificial neural network integrate the prosumer-based solar-PV integration through a multilevel inverter, enabling constant fundamental voltage with minimum total harmonic distortion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntelligent Learning Approaches for Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9780443158063
ISBN (Print)9780443158070
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • AI
  • Machine learning
  • electric vehicles
  • energy storage
  • power electronics
  • prosumers
  • renewable energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


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