Toward a multi-level and multi-paradigm platform for building occupant simulation

Davide Schaumann, Seonghyeon Moon, Muhammad Usman, Rhys Goldstein, Simon Breslav, Azam Khan, Petros Faloutsos, Mubbasir Kapadia

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


In recent years, simulation has been used to investigate building-occupant relations while focusing on pedestrian movement, day-to-day occupancy, and energy use. Most of these efforts employ discrete-time simulation, where building and occupant properties are constantly updated at fixed time steps to reflect building and occupant dynamics. Real-world occupant behavior, however, involves a variety of decision-making patterns that unfold over different time scales and are often triggered by discrete events rather than gradual change. In working toward a platform supporting the full range of human activities in buildings, we embed a discrete-time occupant movement simulator called SteerSuite within a general-purpose discrete-event simulation framework called SyDEVS. With preexisting SteerSuite functions providing low-level steering behavior, and newly implemented SyDEVS nodes providing high-level planning behavior, our prototype represents a multi-level and multiparadigm approach to occupant simulation for building design applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-176
Number of pages8
JournalSimulation Series
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event10th Annual Symposium on Simulation for Architecture and Urban Design, SimAUD 2019 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: 7 Apr 20199 Apr 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research has been partially funded by grants from the NSERC Discovery and Create programs, NSF IIS-1703883, NSF SAS-1723869, DARPA SocialSim-W911NF-17-C-0098, and the Murray Fellowship. We thank Taewon Kim and Nikhil Jiju for their contribution to this project.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Society for Modeling & Simulation International (SCS).


  • Building occupants
  • Discrete-event
  • Discrete-time
  • Multi-level decision-making
  • Multi-paradigm simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications


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