Thermodynamic investigations on a novel solar powered trigeneration energy system

Abdul Khaliq*, Esmail M.A. Mokheimer, Mohammed Yaqub

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


The present study focuses on energy and exergy analyses of the trigeneration system consisting of heliostat field, organic Rankine cycle with the heat exchanger, and ejector-absorption chiller which has the merits of refrigerating a thermal load of below than 0 °C with solar energy more efficiently along with the generation of process heat and electric power in an eco-friendly manner. A parametric study is carried out to investigate the effect of varying the influencing operating variables on trigeneration system output, and its energy and exergy efficiencies. It is found that the exergetic output of isobutane operated system increases from 2562 kW to 4314 kW while for propane operated system it is raised from 1203 kW to 2028 kW when the direct normal irradiations are increased from 600 to 1000 W/m2. Results of energy and exergy utilization show that for isobutane ORC fluid, out of 100% solar energy supplied to the system 65.42% can be produced as energetic output and rest 34.58% is lost via thermal exhaust to ambient. On the other hand, out of 100% solar exergy supplied only 13.98% is the produced exergy, 84. 89% is the exergy destroyed due to irreversibilities, and rest 1.13% is the exergy loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-413
Number of pages16
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
StatePublished - 15 May 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support provided by the DSR of King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran, through the internal funded project No. IN151031 to carry out this research. Support from the K.A.CARE at Dhahran is also acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd


  • Heliostat based central receiver
  • Hydrocarbons
  • NH-LiNO operated ejector-absorption cooling cycle
  • Organic Rankine cycle
  • Trigeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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