Thermoacoustic combustion instability of propane-oxy-combustion with CO2 dilution: Experimental analysis

Zubairu Abubakar, Esmail M.A. Mokheimer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


In this study, the effect of CO2 dilution on the thermoacoustic stability of propane-oxyfuel flames is studied in a non-premixed, swirl-stabilized combustor. The results, obtained at a fixed combustor power density (4 MW/m3 bar) and global stoichiometric equivalence ratio (Φ = 1.0), show that the oxy-flame is stable at 0% and low CO2 concentrations in the oxidizer. A self-amplifying coupling between heat release and pressure fluctuations was observed to occur at the CO2 concentration of 45%, which matches the point of flame transition from a jet-like to a V-shaped flame resulting from the formation of inner recirculation zone. The observed frequency for both the pressure and heat release oscillations is 465 Hz and the ensuing thermoacoustic instability is believed to have been resulted from vortexes and flame interactions. Subsequent to the coupling of the oscillations at the CO2 concentration of 45%, their amplitudes grew at 50% to 60% CO2 dilution levels. The maximum amplitude was observed at 60% CO2 concentration after which, as CO2 dilution level increases, the acoustic amplitude and that of its counterpart in the heat release spectrum decreased due to damping (energy dissipation) arising from heat loss and viscous dissipation. An increase in hydrogen concentration in the fuel and a decrease in the combustor power density were observed to lower the acoustic amplitude. Furthermore, a frequency shift is observed with a change in the combustor firing rate, which shows that the mode scales with the flow velocity, and therefore, unlikely to be a natural acoustic mode of the combustor. This study, therefore, reveals thermoacoustic instability in non-premixed oxy-combustion driven by changes in flame dynamics and macrostructures as the CO2 concentration in the oxidizer mixture varies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1031-1045
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


  • non-premixed flames
  • oxy-combustion
  • oxyfuel flames
  • thermoacoustic instability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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