The inclusion of people with disabilities and their circle of stakeholders in the design and deployment of digital assistive technology is increasingly being recognized as important. The Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT) approach investigates methodologies and tools to support accessible making practices. In prior work, we successfully used a DIY-AT approach to develop TalkBox, an open-source directselection communication board for those with little or no functional verbal communication. In this paper, we describe a follow-up project in which we use TalkBox as a prototyping platform to facilitate co-design and co-fabrication of DIY-AT. We present results from (1) a workshop in which users with disabilities and their parents/caregivers fabricated their own TalkBoxes, and (2) a collaborative co-design session with a nonverbal child and his mother wherein the potential for TalkBox variants led to novel design decisions. We illustrate the outcome of our process by describing the multi-vocabulary variant called Hot Swappable Talk- Box, in which RFID technology is used to afford easy switching among different vocabulary sets.
|Title of host publication||Computers Helping People with Special Needs - 15th International Conference, ICCHP 2016, Proceedings|
|Editors||Christian Bühler, Klaus Miesenberger, Petr Penaz|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 2016|
|Event||15th International Conference on Computers Helping People with Special Needs, ICCHP 2016 - Linz, Austria|
Duration: 13 Jul 2016 → 15 Jul 2016
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)|
|Conference||15th International Conference on Computers Helping People with Special Needs, ICCHP 2016|
|Period||13/07/16 → 15/07/16|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
In this paper, we situated our present work in our previously-reported project , in which we successfully used a DIY-AT approach to develop TalkBox, an open-source communication board for non-verbal individuals. In this follow-up work, we sought to investigate one means to include, to a greater degree, people with disabilities, as well as their teachers, parents, caregivers, and other community members, in the design and deployment of digital assistive technology. This investigation entailed the design and instantiation of the TalkMake workshop. We, along with others, recognize that efforts such as the TalkMake workshop as serving to recognize technology as a process (as opposed to an end-product), and, subsequently, to position key stakeholders within this process. The approach has been made possible, in part, by the rise in maker communities and the upswell of DIY approaches.
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.
- Assistive technology
- Communication boards
- Do-It-Yourself (DIY)
- Open-source hardware
- Participatory Design
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computer Science (all)