The synergy between climate change policies and national development goals: Implications for sustainability

Md Arif Hasan, Ismaila Rimi Abubakar, Syed Masiur Rahman*, Yusuf A. Aina, Md Monirul Islam Chowdhury, A. N. Khondaker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Climate change mitigation in rapidly growing developing countries is receiving increased global attention, especially after the 2016 Paris Agreement. In Bangladesh, the government has initiated some climate change policies to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions in the last decade. However, the rate of emissions has been increasing recently, which questions the emissions reduction potential of these policies. Therefore, this study has utilized relevant indicators to evaluate the extent to which the policies are mitigating climate change, and of their synergy with national development goals. The findings indicate that the policies have limited impacts on energy decarbonization, energy demand management, and emissions sink improvement. Although policies on renewable energy, energy efficiency and demand management, and afforestation are aligned with national development goals, the policies on electricity generation from coal and forest biomass have little synergy with the goals. By quantitatively evaluating the effects of its climate change policies in enhancing socioeconomic, and environmental benefits, this study can assist Bangladesh's policymakers to understand the impact of the policies on climate change mitigation and their level of integration with national development goals. Also, other developing countries can adopt the study methodology to evaluate their climate change policies and track their progress.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119369
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
StatePublished - 10 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the support of King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia, and the School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences of Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, in conducting this research.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd


  • Climate change policies
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • National development
  • Renewable energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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