Tea waste based natural adsorbent for toxic pollutant removal from waste samples

Mohammad Mahbub Kabir*, Snigdha Setu Paul Mouna, Samia Akter, Shahjalal Khandaker, Md Didar-ul-Alam, Newaz Mohammed Bahadur, Mohammad Mohinuzzaman, Md Aminul Islam, M. A. Shenashen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alkali treated tea waste (ATTW) was investigated as a novel alternative cost-effective natural adsorbent to decontaminate the pollutant of chromium (Cr(VI)) in the polluted water with the variation of equilibration time, solution pH, initial Cr(VI) concentration, adsorbent dosage, and temperature with a view to ensuring a safe disposal as well as sustainable management of the discarded bulk quantities of industrial tea leaves wastes. The adsorbent characteristic was confirmed the significant amount of Cr(VI) accumulation onto ATTW surfaces. The adsorption processes were satisfactorily described by pseudo-first order (PFO), pseudo-second order (PSO) and intra-particles diffusion models (IDM) where the PSO model evidently shows a better fitting with the regression coefficient (R2 = 0.994). Exploration of Langmuir, Freundlich, Flory-Huggins, and Temkin isotherm models were also investigated and the best fitting was observed for the Langmuir model as it was produced the highest regression coefficient value (R2 = 0.993). The maximum adsorption ability of ATTW according to the Langmuir model was found to be 158.73 mg/g. These results demonstrate that Cr(VI) adsorption was a complex process involving a physicochemical spontaneous monolayer and multiple rate-limiting states, which was predominantly chemical or chemisorption due to ion-exchange or electrostatic attraction/surface complexation formation, film diffusion and intra-particle diffusion. Furthermore, the substrates exhibited an excellent regeneration capacity upon using 0.10 M HNO3 as eluent and ATTW was reused several cycles without influencing the adsorption performance. The results of this study thus concludes that ATTW could be a promising environmentally friendly and cheap bio-adsorbent for Cr(VI) remediation with profound implications in water and wastewater treatment for a large-scale environmental pollutant clean-up laden with toxic Cr(VI) ions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115012
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
Volume322
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Alkali treated tea wastes
  • Isotherms
  • Kinetics
  • Reusability
  • Toxic pollutant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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