Synthesis and characterization of fe-tio2 nanomaterial: Performance evaluation for rb5 decolorization and in vitro antibacterial studies

Muhammad Saqib Khan, Jehanzeb Ali Shah, Nadia Riaz, Tayyab Ashfaq Butt, Asim Jahangir Khan, Walid Khalifa, Hatem Hassin Gasmi, Enamur Rahim Latifee, Muhammad Arshad*, Ahmed Abdullah Alawi Al-Naghi, Anwar Ul-Hamid, Muhammad Arshad*, Muhammad Bilal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


A photocatalytic system for decolorization of double azo reactive black 5 (RB5) dye and water disinfection of E. coli was developed. Sol gel method was employed for the synthesis of Fe-TiO2 photocatalysts and were characterized using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) analysis. Results showed that photocatalytic efficiency was greatly influenced by 0.1 weight percent iron loading and 300C calcination temperature. The optimized reaction parameters were found to be the ambient temperature, working solution pH 6.2 and 1 mg g−1 dose to completely decolorize RB5. The isotherm studies showed that RB5 adsorption by Fe-TiO2 followed the Langmuir isotherm with maximum adsorption capacity of 42.7 mg g−1 and Kads 0.0079 L mg−1 . Under illumination, the modified photocatalytic material had higher decolorization efficiency as compared to unmodified photocatalyst. Kinetic studies of the modified material under visible light irradiation indicated the reaction followed the pseudo-first-order kinetics. The illumination reaction followed the Langmuir-Hinshelwood (L-H) model as the rate of dye decolorization increased with an incremental increase in dye concentration. The L-H constant Kc was 1.5542 mg L–1·h–1 while Kads was found 0.1317 L mg–1 . The best photocatalyst showed prominent percent reduction of E. coli in 120 min. Finally, 0.1Fe-TiO2-300 could be an efficient photocatalyst and can provide a composite solution for RB5 decolorization and bacterial strain inhibition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number436
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Photo inhibition activity of TiO
  • RB5 reaction kinetics
  • Water disinfection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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