Surface Tension

Naef A.A. Qasem, Muhammad M. Generous, Bilal A. Qureshi, Syed M. Zubair*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Surface tension is a physical property to be considered for designing thermal desalination technologies, as evaporation is the core process at the water–air interface. It is sensitive to liquid temperature and salinity. Thus, this chapter explains multicomponent models, correlation, and data used to estimate surface tension at different salinity and temperature values. Besides, the calculated surface tension values from the correlations and methods are compared and discussed against the experimental data of seawater. This chapter recommends some correlations and methods based on their accuracy and operating conditions. Also, the codes used for the investigated surface tension methods are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Water
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages15
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameSpringer Water
VolumePart F1299
ISSN (Print)2364-6934
ISSN (Electronic)2364-8198

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Correlations
  • Methods
  • Multicomponent
  • Saline water
  • Surface tension
  • Water–air interface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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