Surface Properties and In Vitro Corrosion Studies of Blasted and Thermally Treated Ti6Al4V Alloy for Bioimplant Applications

Mohamed A. Hussein*, Baha Y. Demir, Arumugam Madhan Kumar, Ahmed F. Abdelaal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The biomedical Ti6Al4V alloy was thermally treated under sandblasting and mirror finish surface preparation conditions. The surface morphology, structure, roughness, wettability, and energy were characterized. Microhardness and in vitro corrosion studies were carried out. X-ray diffraction results showed a formation of rutile TiO2 phase for thermally treated samples under different pretreated conditions. The thermally oxidized samples exhibited an increase in microhardness compared to the untreated mirror finish and sandblasted samples by 22 and 33%, respectively. The wettability study revealed enhanced hydrophilicity of blasted and thermally treated samples. The surface energy of the thermal treatment samples increased by 26 and 32.6% for mirror surface and blasted preconditions, respectively. The acquired in vitro corrosion results using potentiodynamic polarization measurement and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy confirmed the surface protective performance against corrosion in Hank’s medium. The enhanced surface characteristics and corrosion protection of treated Ti6Al4V alloy give it potential for bio-implant applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7615
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Ti alloy
  • biomaterials
  • corrosion
  • thermal oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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