Nonradiative recombination (NRR) centers in n-AlGaN layers of UV-B AlGaN samples with different numbers of superlattice (SL) periods (SLPs), grown on the c-plane sapphire substrate at 1150 °C by the metalorganic chemical vapor deposition technique, have been studied by using below-gap-excitation (BGE) light in photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy at 30 K. The SLP affects the lattice relaxation of the SL and n-AlGaN layer. The PL intensity decreased by the superposition of BGE light of energies from 0.93 eV to 1.46 eV over the above-gap-excitation light of energy 4.66 eV, which has been explained by a two-level model based on the Shockley-Read-Hall statistics. The degree of PL quenching from n-AlGaN layers of the sample with SLP 100 is lower than those of other samples with SLP 50, 150, and 200. By a qualitative simulation with the dominant BGE energy of 1.27 eV, the density ratio of NRR centers in n-AlGaN layers of 50:100:150:200 SLP samples is obtained as 1.7:1.0:6.5:3.4. This result implies that the number of SLP changes lattice relaxation and determines the density of NRR centers in the n-AlGaN layer, which affects the performance of LEDs.
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy