In this paper, we consider a fractional equation of order between one and two which may be looked at as an interpolation between the heat and wave equations. The problem is non-linear as it involves a power-type non-linearity. We investigate the possibilities of stabilizing the system by a lower-order fractional term and/or a memory term involving the Laplacian. We prove a global Mittag–Leffler stability result in case a fractional frictional damping is active and a local Mittag–Leffler stability result when the material is viscoelastic in case of small relaxation functions. Unlike the integer-order problems, additional serious difficulties arise in the present case. These difficulties are highlighted clearly in the introduction. They are mainly due to the memory dependence of the fractional derivatives which is the cause of the invalidity of the product rule in particular. We utilize several properties in fractional calculus. Moreover, we introduce new Lyapunov-type functionals in the context of the multiplier technique.
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- Caputo fractional derivative
- Mittag–Leffler stability
- multiplier technique
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability