The specific enthalpy of saline water is one of the critical thermodynamic properties used in estimating the thermal energy of desalination and salt separation processes. This chapter explains the thermodynamic approaches, multicomponent models, correlation, and data used to estimate specific enthalpy at various salinity and temperature values. A new correlation for NaCl-specific enthalpy with high accuracy is suggested for a salinity of 0–260 g/kg and ambient conditions. Moreover, the evaluated specific enthalpy values from the correlations and methods are compared and assessed using experimental data of the specific enthalpy of seawater. Based on their accuracy and operating conditions, some correlations and methods are recommended. Furthermore, the codes used for estimating the investigated specific enthalpy are provided.
|Title of host publication
|Number of pages
|Published - 2023
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
- Saline water
- Specific enthalpy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aquatic Science
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Water Science and Technology
- Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)