The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has caused unprecedented public health concern in Bangladesh. This study investigated the role of Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions on COVID-19 transmission and post-lockdown scenarios of 64 administrative districts and the country as a whole based on the spatiotemporal variations of effective reproduction number (R-t) of COVID-19 incidences. The daily confirmed COVID-19 data of Bangladesh and its administrative districts from March 8, 2020, to March 10, 2021, were used to estimate R-t. This study finds that the maximum value of R-t reached 4.15 (3.43, 4.97, 95% CI) in late March 2020, which remained above 1 afterwards in most of the districts. Containment measures are moderately effective in reducing transmission by 24.03%. The R-t was established below 1 from early December 2020 for overall Bangladesh and a gradual increase of R-t above 1 has been seen from early February 2021. The basic reproduction number (R-0) in Bangladesh probably varied around 2.02 (1.33-3.28, 95% CI). This study finds a significant positive correlation (r = 0.75) between population density and COVID-19 incidence and explaining 56% variation in Bangladesh. The findings of this study are expected to support the policymakers to adopt appropriate measures for curbing the COVID-19 transmission effectively.
|Journal||SPRINGER SINGAPORE PTE LTD|
|State||Published - 2021|