Self-consolidating lightweight concrete incorporating limestone powder and fly ash as supplementary cementing material

Muhammad I. Khan, Muhammad Usman*, Syed A. Rizwan, Asad Hanif

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


This paper assesses the mechanical and structural behavior of self-consolidating lightweight concrete (SCLWC) incorporating bloated shale aggregate (BSA). BSA was manufactured by expanding shale pellets of varying sizes by heating them up to a temperature of 1200 °C using natural gas as fuel in the rotary kiln. Fly ash (FA) and limestone powder (LSP) were used as supplementary cementing materials (10% replacement of cement, each for LSP and FA) for improved properties of the resulting concrete. The main parameters studied in this experimental study were compressive strength, elastic modulus, and microstructure. The fresh-state properties (Slump flow, V-funnel, J-Ring, and L-box) showed adequate rheological behavior of SCLWC in comparison with self-consolidating normal weight concrete (SCNWC). There was meager (2%-4%) compressive strength reduction of SCLWC. Lightweight aggregate tended to shift concrete behavior from ductile to brittle, causing reduced strain capacity and flexural toughness. FA and LSP addition significantly improved the strength and microstructure at all ages. The study is encouraging for the structural use of lightweight concrete, which could reduce the overall construction cost.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3050
Issue number18
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.


  • Bloated aggregate
  • Compressive strength
  • Flexural behavior
  • Fly ash
  • Lightweight concrete
  • Self-consolidating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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