Selection of Municipal Drinking Water Treatment Approach using Multiple Criteria

Shakhawat Chowdhury*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This study evaluates different treatment methods for municipal drinking water based on a multicriteria decision-making framework. Four main criteria (risk, cost, technical feasibility, and performance) were included. Fuzzy triangular membership functions were developed to capture the uncertainty of basic criteria. Uncertainty was propagated through a multistage framework, where an analytical hierarchy process was followed to assign the relative importance of different level criteria. Conventional treatment with chlorination was identified as the best option for small municipal systems while enhanced treatment with chlorination and conventional treatment with chloramination were deemed as the second and third options, respectively. The evaluation was sensitive to the relative importance of different criteria.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780128046777
ISBN (Print)9780128047927
StatePublished - 4 Jul 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Analytical hierarchy process
  • Fuzzy membership function
  • Multicriteria decision-making
  • Municipal drinking water
  • Relative importance
  • Treatment method
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science


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