Role of casting and curing conditions on the strength and drying shrinkage of greener concrete

Muhammad Nasir, Adeyemi Adesina*, Mohammed Ibrahim, Muhammad Umar Khan, Omar S. Baghabra Al-Amoudi, Syed Imran Ali, Mohammed Maslehuddin, Khalid Saqer Alotaibi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The shrinkage of cement-based materials is a critical dimensional property that needs proper attention as it can influence the corresponding characteristics especially when the preparation of such cement-based material is done in hot weather. Studies have shown that the casting or curing conditions influence the performance of concrete. However, there is limited understanding of the combined role of casting temperature and curing conditions, especially for concrete made with unconventional binders. In this study, five supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) were utilized as the substitute of the ordinary Portland cement (OPC) at different ratios to produce greener concrete and improve its characteristics and sustainability. The influence of four casting temperatures (i.e., 25 °C, 32 °C, 38 °C, and 45 °C) and two curing regimes (i.e., covering of samples using wet burlap and applying curing compound on the surface of samples) on the corresponding compressive strength and drying shrinkage at various ages was studied. The outcomes of this research revealed that the composition of the binders has a substantial impact on the characteristics of concrete. In addition, the casting temperature and curing regimes also have a huge role on the compressive strength of concrete produced with binary binders. For example, the compressive strength at 3 days of concrete made at 25 °C made with binary binders was reduced up to 31% compared to that made with only OPC as the binder when cured using wet burlap. Nonetheless, less than 38 ℃ was suitable to minimize the durability issues in the studied blended cement mixes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72598-72610
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number48
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Compressive strength
  • Curing regime
  • Drying shrinkage
  • Green concrete
  • Placement temperature
  • Supplementary cementitious materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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