Review of microwaves techniques for breast cancer detection

Maged A. Aldhaeebi, Khawla Alzoubi, Thamer S. Almoneef, Saeed M. Bamatra, Hussein Attia*, Omar M. Ramahi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations


Conventional breast cancer detection techniques including X-ray mammography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound scanning suffer from shortcomings such as excessive cost, harmful radiation, and inconveniences to the patients. These challenges motivated researchers to investigate alternative methods including the use of microwaves. This article focuses on reviewing the background of microwave techniques for breast tumour detection. In particular, this study reviews the recent advancements in active microwave imaging, namely microwave tomography and radar-based techniques. The main objective of this paper is to provide researchers and physicians with an overview of the principles, techniques, and fundamental challenges associated with microwave imaging for breast cancer detection. Furthermore, this study aims to shed light on the fact that until today, there are very few commercially available and cost-effective microwave-based systems for breast cancer imaging or detection. This conclusion is not intended to imply the inefficacy of microwaves for breast cancer detection, but rather to encourage a healthy debate on why a commercially available system has yet to be made available despite almost 30 years of intensive research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2390
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Breast cancer imaging
  • Dielectric properties of tissues
  • Image reconstruction
  • Microwave imaging
  • Microwaves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Biochemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Review of microwaves techniques for breast cancer detection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this