Recent Theoretical and Experimental Advancements of Aluminum-Sulfur Batteries

Muhammad Faheem, Arshad Hussain, Muhammad Ali*, Md Abdul Aziz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Aluminum-sulfur batteries (AlSBs) exhibit significant potential as energy storage systems due to their notable attributes, including a high energy density, cost-effectiveness, and abundant availability of aluminum and sulfur. In order to commercialize AlSBs, an understanding of their working principles is necessary. In this review, we examine the current advancements in cathodes, both in theory and practice, as well as the progress made in aqueous and nonaqueous electrolytes. We also explore the modifications made to separators and the theoretical understanding of problems associated with AlSBs. Furthermore, we discuss future research directions aimed at resolving these issues. Our aim is to summarize the current progress in AlSBs and, based on recent progress and understanding of the mechanism, help design a battery to overcome the challenges that such batteries have been facing.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202300268
JournalChemical Record
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Chemical Society of Japan & Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • aluminum polysulfides
  • aluminum-sulfur batteries
  • electrolytes
  • high energy density
  • metal-sulfur batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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