Recent Progress in Polyaniline and its Composites for Supercapacitors

Syed Shaheen Shah, Sulayman Oladepo, Muhammad Ali Ehsan, Wissam Iali, Asem Alenaizan, Mohammad Nahid Siddiqui, Munetaka Oyama, Abdul Rahman Al-Betar*, Md Abdul Aziz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polyaniline (PANI) has piqued the interest of nanotechnology researchers due to its potential as an electrode material for supercapacitors. Despite its ease of synthesis and ability to be doped with a wide range of materials, PANI′s poor mechanical properties have limited its use in practical applications. To address this issue, researchers investigated using PANI composites with materials with highly specific surface areas, active sites, porous architectures, and high conductivity. The resulting composite materials have improved energy storage performance, making them promising electrode materials for supercapacitors. Here, we provide an overview of recent developments in PANI-based supercapacitors, focusing on using electrochemically active carbon and redox-active materials as composites. We discuss challenges and opportunities of synthesizing PANI-based composites for supercapacitor applications. Furthermore, we provide theoretical insights into the electrical properties of PANI composites and their potential as active electrode materials. The need for this review stems from the growing interest in PANI-based composites to improve supercapacitor performance. By examining recent progress in this field, we provide a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art and potential of PANI-based composites for supercapacitor applications. This review adds value by highlighting challenges and opportunities associated with synthesizing and utilizing PANI-based composites, thereby guiding future research directions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202300105
JournalChemical Record
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the support provided by the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) at King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) for funding this work through project No. DF191038.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Chemical Society of Japan & Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Keywords

  • . polyaniline
  • composite materials
  • electrode materials
  • supercapacitors
  • theoretical insights

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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