Starch-based adsorbents have demonstrated excellent potential for the removal of various noxious dyes from wastewater. This review critically evaluates the recent progress in applications of starch-based adsorbents for the removal of dyes from water. The synthesis methods of starch-based composites and their effects on physicochemical characteristics of produced adsorbents are discussed. The removal of various dyes by starch-based adsorbents are described in detail, with emphasis on the effect of key parameters, adsorption mechanism and their reusability potential. The key challenges related to the synthesis and applications of starch-based adsorbents in water purification are highlighted. Based on the research gaps, recommendations for future research are made. The evaluation of starch-based adsorbents would contribute to the development of sustainable water treatment options in near future.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Chemical Society of Japan & Wiley-VCH GmbH.
- Starch-based composites
- Water treatment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Materials Chemistry