The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and strengthening the security of electric energy have gained enormous momentum recently. Integrating intermittent renewable energy sources (RESs) such as PV and wind into the existing grid has increased significantly in the last decade. However, this integration hampers the reliable and stable operation of the grid by posing many operational and control challenges. Generation uncertainty, voltage and angular stability, power quality issues, reactive power support and fault ride-through capability are some of the various challenges. The power generated from RESs fluctuates due to unpredictable weather conditions such as wind speed and sunshine. Energy storage systems (ESSs) play a vital role in mitigating the fluctuation by storing the excess generated power and then making it accessible on demand. This paper presents a review of energy storage systems covering several aspects including their main applications for grid integration, the type of storage technology and the power converters used to operate some of the energy storage technologies. This comprehensive review of energy storage systems will guide power utilities; the researchers select the best and the most recent energy storage device based on their effectiveness and economic feasibility.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: The author acknowledges the support provided by the Interdisciplinary Research Center for Renewable Energy and Power Systems (IRC-REPS), Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, through Project #INRE2111.
© 2022 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- energy storage systems
- power fluctuation
- renewable energy sources
- selection criteria
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science (miscellaneous)
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Building and Construction
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law