Real time energy management and control of renewable energy based microgrid in grid connected and Island modes

Muhammed Y. Worku*, Mohamed A. Hassan, Mohamed A. Abido

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


An efficient power management control for microgrids with energy storage is presented in this paper. The proposed control scheme increases the reliability and resiliency of the microgrid based on three distributed energy resources (DERs), namely Photovoltaic (PV), battery, and diesel generator with local active loads. Coordination among the DERs with energy storage is essential for microgrid management. The system model and the control strategy were developed in Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS). Decoupled d-q current control strategy is proposed and implemented for voltage source converters (VSCs) used to interface the PV and battery sources to the AC grid. A dc-dc buck converter with a maximum power point tracking function is implemented to maximize the intermittent energy generation from the PV array. A controller is proposed and employed for both grid connected and island modes of operation. In grid connected mode, the system frequency and voltage are regulated by the grid. During a fault in island mode, the diesel generator controls the system frequency and voltage in isochronous mode. Results based on the real time digital simulator are provided to verify the superiority and effectiveness of the proposed control scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Article number276
Issue number2
StatePublished - 16 Jan 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.


  • Battery
  • Diesel generator
  • Microgrid
  • Photovoltaic
  • Power management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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