Production of H2 from Microalgae Biomass in Supercritical Water Using a Ni/La-γAl2O3 Catalyst

Mohammad M. Hossain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This communication presents the catalytic gasification of microalgae (nannochloropsis oculata) biomass under supercritical water conditions using Ni/γAl2O3and Ni/La-γAl2O3 catalysts. The gasification products contain mainly hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and methane. It is observed that the presence of a nickel catalyst enhances the gasification performance significantly. The desired hydrogen production is further improved by addition of La to the Ni/La-γAl2O3 catalyst. TPR analysis indicates that the presence of La helps to attain higher number of active nickel sites, which is mainly responsible for the higher catalytic activity. Hydrogen production could also be enhanced by retardation of methanation reaction of carbon dioxide by promoting Ni/γ-Al2O3 with La. The higher reaction temperature favors the hydrogen production due to the endothermic nature of the most of the involved reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-389
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume110
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Authors.

Keywords

  • Bioenergy
  • Ni-La catalyst
  • hydrogen
  • microalgae
  • supercritical water gasification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy

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