Power Management, Voltage Control and Grid Synchronization of Microgrids in Real Time

Muhammed Y. Worku*, Mohamed A. Hassan, Mohamed A. Abido

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This paper presents an efficient power management, voltage balancing and grid synchronization control strategy to increase the stability and reliability of distributed energy resources (DERs)-based microgrid. The microgrid is composed of Photovoltaic, Double Fed Induction Generator-based wind and diesel generator with critical and non-critical loads. The system model and the control strategy have been developed in Real Time Digital Simulator. The coordination and power management of the DERs in both grid connected and island operation modes is implemented. One distinct challenge of microgrid operation in island mode is the stable control of frequency. A controller is proposed and implemented in the island mode for the diesel generator equipped with the required inertia to maintain the microgrid rated frequency by operating in the isochronous mode. To restore the microgrid back to the utility, the voltage, frequency and phase angle of the islanded microgrid should match with that of the grid network within specified limits to avoid transient instability. Switched capacitor banks are connected at the point of common coupling to balance the voltage for microgrid synchronization. The CIGRE medium voltage test bench system is used to implement the DERs and their controller. The proposed control approach has potential applications for the complete operation of microgrids by properly controlling the power, voltage and frequency in both grid and island modes. The real time digital simulator results verify the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed control scheme in grid connected, island and grid resynchronization scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1411-1429
Number of pages19
JournalArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals.


  • Grid synchronization
  • Islanding
  • Microgrid
  • RTDS
  • Voltage control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Power Management, Voltage Control and Grid Synchronization of Microgrids in Real Time'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this