Porous Ag3VO4/KIT-6 composite: Synthesis, characterization and enhanced photocatalytic performance for degradation of Congo Red

Iqra Mahboob, Iqrash Shafiq, Sumeer Shafique, Parveen Akhter*, Mamoona Munir, Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Shahid Nazir, Um e.Salma Amjad, Farrukh Jamil, Nabeel Ahmad, Young Kwon Park*, Murid Hussain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Novel Ag3VO4/KIT-6 nanocomposite photocatalyst has been successfully fabricated by a newly-designed simple hard-template induction process, in which the particles of Ag3VO4 were grown on the KIT-6 surface and inside the porous framework of the silica matrix. The developed porous framework nanocomposite was characterized by several techniques including N2-Physiosorption analysis. The obtained nanocomposite revealed a high surface area (273.86 m2/g) along with the possession of monoclinic Ag3VO4, which is highly responsive to visible light (with distinct intensity at about 700 nm). The UV–Vis DRS reveals that the Ag3VO4/KIT-6 photocatalyst bears a bandgap of 2.29 eV which confirms that the material has a good visible light response. The synthesized nanocomposite was tested for its superior physicochemical properties by evaluating its degradation efficiency for Congo Red (CR). The novel composite exhibited superior degradation capability of CR, reaching up to 96.49%, which was around three times the pure Ag3VO4. The detailed kinetic study revealed that the as-prepared material followed a pseudo first order kinetic model for the CR degradation. The study includes a comprehensive parametric study for the formulation of the optimized reaction conditions for photocatalytic reactions. The commercial applicability of the composite material was investigated by a regeneration and recyclability test, which revealed extraordinary results. Furthermore, the possible degradation pathway for CR was also proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137180
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • AgVO/KIT-6 nanocomposite
  • Congo Red
  • Monoclinic phase
  • Photocatalytic dye degradation
  • Porous material
  • Visible-light activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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