Optimal allocation of phasor measurement units in distribution power systems

Abdelfattah A. Eladl, Ahmed N. Sheta, Mohammed A. Saeed, Mohammed A. Abido, Mohamed A. Hassan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Phasor measurement unit (PMU) is deemed a pivotal tool in wide-area monitoring, protection, and control of power systems. The optimal allocation of PMUs has recently received more attention. In this paper, Binary Integer Programming (BIP) technique is proposed to optimally allocate PMUs in the power network keeping complete observability of the network and reducing the total numbers of PMUs. The proposed technique is tested and examined through different systems to investigate the effectiveness of BIP. Additionally, the BIP is compared with different techniques to verify its superiority and reveal the main contributions of BIP-based algorithms using different IEEE test systems. The proposed method shows an efficient technique while placing PMUs through direct, simple, and linear formulas regardless of the network scale or configuration; transmission, or distribution systems. Moreover, the whole process consumes the least time slots to hit the intended goal because of the problem formulating criteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8039-8049
Number of pages11
JournalAlexandria Engineering Journal
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • Binary integer programming
  • Conventional measurements
  • Optimal placement
  • Phasor measurement units
  • Zero injection bus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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