On the elastic stability and free vibration responses of functionally graded porous beams resting on Winkler-Pasternak foundations via finite element computation

Zakaria Belabed, Abdelouahed Tounsi*, Mohammed A. Al-Osta, Abdeldjebbar Tounsi, Hoang Le Minh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In current investigation, a novel beam finite element model is formulated to analyze the buckling and free vibration responses of functionally graded porous beams resting on Winkler-Pasternak elastic foundations. The novelty lies in the formulation of a simplified finite element model with only three degrees of freedom per node, integrating both C0 and C1 continuity requirements according to Lagrange and Hermite interpolations, respectively, in isoparametric coordinate while emphasizing the impact of z-coordinate-dependent porosity on vibration and buckling responses. The proposed model has been validated and demonstrating high accuracy when compared to previously published solutions. A detailed parametric examination is performed, highlighting the influence of porosity distribution, foundation parameters, slenderness ratio, and boundary conditions. Unlike existing numerical techniques, the proposed element achieves a high rate of convergence with reduced computational complexity. Additionally, the model's adaptability to various mechanical problems and structural geometries is showcased through the numerical evaluation of elastic foundations, with results in strong agreement with the theoretical formulation. In light of the findings, porosity significantly affects the mechanical integrity of FGP beams on elastic foundations, with the advanced beam element offering a stable, efficient model for future research and this in-depth investigation enriches porous structure simulations in a field with limited current research, necessitating additional exploration and investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-204
Number of pages22
JournalGeomechanics and Engineering
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Techno-Press, Ltd.

Keywords

  • beam finite element model
  • elastic stability
  • free vibration
  • porous functionally graded beam
  • Winkler-Pasternak elastic foundations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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