Modified-polyaspartic acid derivatives as effective corrosion inhibitor for C1018 steel in 3.5% NaCl saturated CO2 brine solution

Ime Bassey Obot*, Muhammad Imran Ul-Haq, A. A. Sorour, Nayef M. Alanazi, Turki M. Al-Abeedi, Shaikh A. Ali, Hasan A. Al-Muallem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Background: Corrosion challenges in the oil transportation pipelines operations worldwide is a serious problem and can lead to accelerated corrosion rates, loss of mechanical integrity and catastrophic failure. The survey of the literature reveals that few polymers haven been investigated as sweet corrosion inhibitors when compared to other small nitrogen containing heterocyclic organic molecules. Previous studies indicate that polyaspartic acid has been used as corrosion inhibitor but are required in high concentrations to be effective. To improve the performance of polyaspartic acid and to enable it usage at low concentrations, two modified-polyaspartic acid derivatives poly(cysteaminoaspartamide (7) and poly(methionenoaspartamide (8) were successfully synthesized, characterized, and demonstrated as effective corrosion inhibitor for C1018 steel in 3.5% NaCl saturated CO2 brine solution. Methods: Electrochemical techniques such as open circuit potentials (OCP), linear polarization measurements (LPR), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization (PDP) were used to obtained kinetics and mechanistic data of the corrosion inhibition process in 3.5% NaCl saturated CO2 brine. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) images confirmed the adsorption of the molecules on the steel surface. Significant findings: Results obtained indicate that the two synthesized polymers are effective CO2 corrosion inhibitors. The inhibition performance of 7 (92.7%) was more pronounced at low concentrations (25 ppm) than 8 (53.6%) as obtained from EIS results. The effect of longer immersion time (24 h) strengthens further the performance of both corrosion inhibitors to 99. 25% for 7 and 96.84% for 8, respectively. Surface characterization using SEM and AFM provided more evidence for the steel surface protection with the two polymers. Molecular modeling using density functional theory (DFT) and Monte Carlo simulations (MC) supported the experimental results. The implication of this study is the possibility of replacing conventional toxic small nitrogen containing heterocyclic organic molecules with non-toxic and cost-effective polymeric counterparts based on modified- polyaspartic acid as corrosion inhibitors for use in oil and gas industry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104393
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
StatePublished - Jun 2022

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  • C1018 carbon steel
  • Electrochemistry
  • Molecular modeling
  • Polyaspartic acid
  • Sweet corrosion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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