Methods for the Determination of Nanofluid Optical Properties: A Review

Hossain Md Fazle Rabbi, Ahmet Z. Sahin*, Bekir S. Yilbas, Abdullah Al-Sharafi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Methods for the determination of the optical properties of both conventional and hybrid nanofluids are presented. The optical properties considered included the extinction coefficient, absorptance, transmittance, and reflectivity. Experimental, theoretical, and numerical approaches for the evaluation of the optical properties are reviewed. The effects of nanoparticle concentration, size, and shape on the optical properties are discussed. The influence of the base fluid on the optical properties is examined. The dependence of the optical properties on the wavelength is investigated. Results of various analytical and numerical procedures and their validation with the experimental measurements are presented. It is concluded that the optical behavior of nanofluids can be optimized by simultaneous consideration of proper size, shape, concentration, nanoparticles material, base fluid, weather condition, and the wavelength range. Hybridization is found to be a promising choice for improving the optical properties of nanofluids. Hybrid nanofluids received an increasing attention recently and there is need for further research in the direction of hybrid nanofluids and their optical properties. As water is commonly used as the base fluid extensive literature is found for water base nanofluids. On the other hand, non-water-based nanofluids with enhanced optical properties are still potential future research areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9
JournalInternational Journal of Thermophysics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Conventional nanofluids
  • Hybrid nanofluids
  • Nanofluid
  • Nanoparticle concentration
  • Optical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Methods for the Determination of Nanofluid Optical Properties: A Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this