Mechanical properties, durability characteristics and shrinkage of plain cement and fly ash concretes subjected to accelerated carbonation curing

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6 Scopus citations


The paper presents an experimental study on assessment of the effect of accelerated carbonation curing (ACC) on the performance of two concrete mixtures having the same mixture proportions but different cementitious materials (plain-cement and fly-ash-blended-cement). Different sets of specimens were cast utilising both concrete mixtures and were then subjected to ACC for ten hours at a constant pressure of 414 kPa (60 psi). After exposing the specimens to ACC, they were tested for weight gain, carbonation depth, compressive and tensile strengths, modulus of elasticity, water penetration depth, rapid chloride permeability, shrinkage, SEM and XRD. ACC of the concrete specimens for ten hours resulted in a significant weight gain with less than 2 mm of carbonation depth. Both mixtures gained compressive strength above 20 MPa after ten hours of ACC. The strength increased further when ACC-treated specimens were exposed to air, with a significant increase up to seven days for plain-cement concrete and up to 28 days for flyash- blended-cement concrete. Compared to reference moist-cured concretes, the ACC-treated concretes were found to exhibit a slightly lower long-term strength (15% for plain-cement and 5% for fly-ash-concrete). However, the overall performance of the ACC-treated concrete mixtures was comparable with the respective moist-cured concrete mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-81
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, under research grant Projects No RG1323-1 and RG1323-2. The logistical support of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, and the Research Institute at the same university is also acknowledged with appreciation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 South African Institute of Civil Engineers. All rights reserved.


  • Accelerated carbonation curing
  • Concrete
  • Durability
  • Mechanical properties
  • Shrinkage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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