Mechanical, biocorrosion, and antibacterial properties of nanocrystalline TiN coating for orthopedic applications

M. A. Hussein*, N. K. Ankah, A. Madhan Kumar, M. A. Azeem, S. Saravanan, A. A. Sorour, N. Al Aqeeli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


The current study analyzes the surface, mechanical, biocorrosion, and antibacterial performances of a nanocrystalline TiN ceramic coating synthesized using cathodic arc-physical vapor deposition (PVD) on biomedical Ti6Al4V substrates. The surface hardness and modulus of elasticity were assessed using the microindentation method. The adhesion, friction coefficient, and antibacterial properties of the coating were evaluated. The in vitro corrosion of the prepared coated Ti alloy substrate was analyzed in simulated body fluid (SBF) via cyclic potentiodynamic polarization (CPP), dynamic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (DEIS), and scanning vibrating electrochemical technique (SVET). The results demonstrated that a nanocrystalline TiN coating with a crystallite size of 10.33 nm and a thickness of 5 μm was formed with good adhesion on the alloy surface. The coating had an enhanced surface hardness of 38.63 GPa and a modulus elasticity of 358 GPa, and exhibited enhanced resistance to plastic deformation compared with the substrate – features that can enhance the service life of an implant. The antibacterial experiments indicated an upgraded antibacterial performance of the TiN coating compared to the bare alloy. The in vitro corrosion-resistance analyses confirmed the enhanced surface protective performance of TiN ceramic coatings against biocorrosion in SBF. The results showed higher impedance values in DEIS, a higher passive region in the CPP analysis, and a lower anodic current density in the SVET analysis compared with the bare substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18573-18583
Number of pages11
JournalCeramics International
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.


  • Biocorrosion
  • Biomaterials
  • CA-PVD
  • Ceramic coating
  • TiN

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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