Machine learning in microseismic monitoring

Denis Anikiev*, Claire Birnie, Umair bin Waheed, Tariq Alkhalifah, Chen Gu, Dirk J. Verschuur, Leo Eisner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The confluence of our ability to handle big data, significant increases in instrumentation density and quality, and rapid advances in machine learning (ML) algorithms have placed Earth Sciences at the threshold of dramatic progress. ML techniques have been attracting increased attention within the seismic community, and, in particular, in microseismic monitoring where they are now being considered a game-changer due to their real-time processing potential. In our review of the recent developments in microseismic monitoring and characterisation, we find a strong trend in utilising ML methods for enhancing the passive seismic data quality, detecting microseismic events, and locating their hypocenters. Moreover, they are being adopted for advanced event characterisation of induced seismicity, such as source mechanism determination, cluster analysis and forecasting, as well as seismic velocity inversion. These advancements, based on ML, include by-products often ignored in classical methods, like uncertainty analysis and data statistics. In our assessment of future trends in ML utilisation, we also see a strong push toward its application on distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) data and real-time monitoring to handle the large amount of data acquired in these cases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104371
JournalEarth-Science Reviews
Volume239
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023

Keywords

  • Earthquake early warning
  • Induced seismicity
  • Machine learning
  • Microseismic monitoring
  • Neural networks
  • Passive seismic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Machine learning in microseismic monitoring'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this