Latent Heat of Vaporization

Naef A.A. Qasem, Muhammad M. Generous, Bilal A. Qureshi, Syed M. Zubair*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The latent heat of vaporization/condensation of saline water represents the energy needed for phase change from liquid to vapor or reverse. It is an important thermodynamic property for thermal desalination and water treatment processes, especially when water is separated by vaporization. This chapter introduced the thermodynamic approaches, correlation, and data used to estimate latent heat of vaporization at different salinity and temperature values. Furthermore, the estimated latent heat of vaporization values from the correlations and methods are compared and assessed against the experimental data of seawater. Some correlations and methods are recommended based on their accuracy and operating conditions. Additionally, the codes used in this chapter are supplied.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Water
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameSpringer Water
VolumePart F1299
ISSN (Print)2364-6934
ISSN (Electronic)2364-8198

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Correlations
  • Latent heat of vaporization
  • Methods
  • Phase change
  • Saline water
  • Thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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