Kinetic models and thermodynamics of adsorption processes: classification

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adsorption processes are widely used including in the water treatment and petroleum refinery industries, and other applications such as gas separation and air purification. The need to design efficient adsorbents for the gas separation or removal of pollutants from liquid solutions of industrial effluents has been a growing concern for most industries and environmental agencies. Thus, modeling experimental data from adsorption processes is necessary to predict the mechanisms of numerous adsorption processes. Consequently, this chapter presents an overall review of the application of adsorption kinetics and isotherms for optimum adsorption data analysis. Fundamental information on the different types of models used in adsorption technology are introduced in this chapter. Thermodynamic functions (i.e., enthalpy, entropy, and Gibbs free energy) from solution thermodynamics offer a complete thermodynamic description of the system. Characterization of adsorbents, mixed adsorption, adsorption calorimetry, enthalpy balances, and shape selectivity in catalysis are all discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInterface Science and Technology
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages65-97
Number of pages33
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Publication series

NameInterface Science and Technology
Volume34
ISSN (Print)1573-4285

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Advanced materials
  • Nanotechnology
  • Smart surfaces

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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