JOIN: an integrated platform for joint simulation of occupant-building interactions

Davide Schaumann*, Seonghyeon Moon, Muhammad Usman, Rhys Goldstein, Simon Breslav, Azam Khan, Petros Faloutsos, Mubbasir Kapadia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Several approaches exist for simulating building properties (e.g. temperature, noise) and human occupancy (e.g. movement, actions) in an isolated fashion, providing limited ability to represent how environmental features affect human behaviour and vice versa. To systematically model building-occupant interactions, several requirements must be met, including the modelling of (a) interdependent multi-domain phenomena ranging from temperature and sound changes to human movement, (b) high-level occupant planning and low-level steering behaviours, (c) environmental and occupancy phenomena that unfold at different time scales, and (d) multiple strategies to represent occupancy using established models. In this work, we propose an integrated platform that satisfies the aforementioned requirements thus enabling the joint simulation of building-occupant interactions. To this end, we combine the benefits of a model-independent, discrete-event, general-purpose framework with an established crowd simulator. Our platform provides insights on a building’s performance while accounting for alternative design features and modelling strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-350
Number of pages12
JournalArchitectural Science Review
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 3 Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by NSF IIS- 1703883; Murray Fellowship; NSERC Discovery and Create programs; NSF SAS-1723869; DARPA SocialSim-W911NF- 17-C-0098.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • building occupancy
  • crowd simulation
  • discrete-event paradigm
  • environmental phenomena
  • general-purpose simulator
  • Multi-agent system
  • multi-timescale representation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture


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