Ionic liquids for phenolic compounds removal and extraction

Durga Rao Gijjapu, Mazen Khaled Nazal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Toxic contaminants, phenolic compounds are nonbiodegradable and persistent in the aquatic environment. Because of their toxicity, they endanger living species and have been designated as top priority pollutants. The primary sources of these chemicals are oil and gas refineries, natural product combustion, home wood burning, photooxidation of benzene during forest fires, and the paint and plastic industries. Various approaches are used to effectively remove and extract phenolic chemicals from oil, wastewater, and other liquid media. The physicochemical properties of phenolic compounds, their toxicity, faith and degradation, and reactivity in aquatic environments were discussed in this chapter. Furthermore, the methodologies for the extraction and removal of phenolic compounds were examined, with a focus on ionic liquid solvents as a “green” solvent.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science
Subtitle of host publicationGreen Solvents and Extraction Technology
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780323951562
ISBN (Print)9780323951579
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Adsorption
  • Chemical oxidation
  • Electro-Fenton method
  • Phenols
  • Solid-phase extraction
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (all)


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