Identifying the potentials for charge transport layers free n-p homojunction-based perovskite solar cells

Danish Khan, Sajid Sajid*, Suliman Khan, Jongee Park, Ihsan Ullah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) with no charge transport layers (CTLs) could be one of the major device architectures for the production of simple and low-cost devices. However, CTLs-free PSCs based on n-p homojunction have yet to show high power conversion efficiency (PCE), which is most likely due to inadequate light-and charge-management in the p-type perovskite. The device operation is examined using Solar Cell Capacitance Simulator (SCAPS)-software, and a novel n-p homojunction design is proposed to attempt efficient CTLs-free PSCs. Several aspects of p-type layer that can affect device performance, such as acceptor density, photon-harvesting capability, defects density, and resistances to the transport of charge-carriers are scrutinized and adjusted. Furthermore, the effects of different work-functions of metal electrodes are examined. A suitable acceptor concentration is required for oriented charge transport. It is determined that a p-type perovskite with a thickness of 0.3 μm is advantageous for high performance. A metal electrode with a high work-function is essential for efficient device. Consequently, a PCE of 15.60% is obtained with an optimal defect density of E15 cm−3, indicating that n-p homojunction-based CTLs-free PSCs are promising since they simplify the device design and fabrication process while retaining an acceptable PCE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-77
Number of pages9
JournalSolar Energy
StatePublished - 15 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 International Solar Energy Society


  • Acceptor density
  • CTLs-free PSC
  • Defect density
  • P-type absorber
  • Thickness
  • Work function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science


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