Hygro-thermo-mechanical bending behavior of advanced functionally graded ceramic metal plate resting on a viscoelastic foundation

Ismail M. Mudhaffar, Abdelouahed Tounsi*, Abdelbaki Chikh, Mohammed A. Al-Osta, Mesfer M. Al-Zahrani, Salah U. Al-Dulaijan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

160 Scopus citations


In this work, the bending behavior of an advanced functionally graded ceramic–metal plate subjected to a hygro-thermo-mechanical load and resting on a viscoelastic foundation is studied using a simple higher-order integral shear deformation theory. The power-law function in terms of volume fraction is used to vary the elastic material constituents through the plate's thickness. The in-plane displacement field uses a sine shape function which changes linearly through the plate thickness to calculate the out-of-plane shear deformation. Both the linear and nonlinear influence of temperature and moisture concentration on the bending response are investigated. For the first time, a three-parameter viscous foundation model is used to study the bending response utilizing the damping coefficient in addition to Winkler's and Pasternak's parameters. The governing equations are derived using the principle of virtual displacement, and the analytical solution is obtained by the Navier method. Non-dimensional numerical results is validated by existing results in the literature. A parametric investigation is established to discuss the effects of the power-law gradient index, temperature rise and moisture concentration, elastic foundation coefficients, and the viscoelastic damping coefficient on the FGM plate's bending response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2177-2189
Number of pages13
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021


  • Bending response
  • Functionally graded plates
  • Higher-order shear deformation theory
  • Hygro-thermo-mechanical loading
  • Viscoelastic foundation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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