Hybrid TiO2-multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNTs) photoanodes for efficient dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)

Umer Mehmood, Ibnelwaleed A. Hussein*, Khalil Harrabi, M. B. Mekki, Shakeel Ahmed, Nouar Tabet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) based on TiO2/MWCNTs composite with varying concentrations of CNTs (0, 0.03. 0.06, 0.09, 0.15, and 0.21 wt%), fabricated using N3 dye as a sensitizer. Transmission electron microscopy was used to confirm the dispersion of carbon nanotubes in TiO2. UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, photocurrent-voltage characteristics, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic measurements were conducted to characterize the DSSCs. The results show that the photo conversion efficiency is highly dependent on the concentration of CNTs in the photoanode. A solar cell based on a photoanode containing 0.03 wt% MWCNTs has a power conversion efficiency which is about 30% greater than that of the unmodified photoanode. A quantum modeling technique based on the density functional theory was used to investigate the thermodynamic aspects of the charge transport processes in DSSCs. Simulation results support the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the support provided by King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) through the Science & Technology Unit at King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals ( KFUPM ) for funding this work through Project #11-ENE1635-04 as part of the National Science, Technology and Innovation Plan. KFUPM (Project #11-ENE1635-04 ) is also acknowledged for supporting this research. The authors would like to acknowledge the Center of Research Excellence for Renewable Energy at KFUPM.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • DSSC
  • Density functional theory
  • Hybrid photoanodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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