Green synthesis of a mesoporous hyper-cross-linked polyamide/polyamine 3D network through Michael addition for the treatment of heavy metals and organic dyes contaminated wastewater

Abdul Waheed*, Muhammad Sajid*, Mohammad Asif

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Environmental pollution is the greatest challenge of the modern age due to unprecedented industrialization and urbanization that has led to the contamination of water resources with a wide range of pollutants. The release of untreated industrial and municipal wastewater to water bodies further intensifies the problem. The presence of heavy metals and organic contaminants in water poses significant threats to humans, aquatic life, and the environment. Adsorption is one of the famous water treatment technologies due to its simplicity, low cost, efficiency, and minimal secondary pollution. The selection or synthesis of an effective adsorbent is key to the success of the adsorptive removal of pollutants. In this work, we synthesized an adsorbent consisting of a mesoporous hyper-cross-linked polyamide/polyamine 3D network through a single-step Michael addition reaction. The adsorbent was characterized by FTIR, PXRD, TGA, SEM, and TEM to investigate its functional moieties, material nature, thermal, morphological, and internal structural features, respectively. Due to its mesoporous structure, presence of functional groups, and 3D hyper-cross-linked network, it efficiently removed heavy metals (Cd, Cr, and Pb) from aqueous media. The effect of various parameters such as sample pH, adsorbent dosage, contact time, and adsorbate concentrations was thoroughly investigated. The experimental data were analyzed by a variety of isotherm models wherein Langmuir was found to be the best fit for explaining the adsorption of all the metals. The adsorption kinetics was best explained by the pseudo-second-order model. The maximum adsorption capacities for Cd, Cr, and Pb were 60.98 mg g−1, 119 mg g−1, and 9.302 mg g−1, respectively. The synthesized adsorbent was also tested for removal of organic dyes, and it showed selective and fast removal of Eriochrome Black T. Polymeric resins can be promising materials for adsorptive remediation of pollutants in aqueous media.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139805
JournalChemosphere
Volume340
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Dyes
  • Green synthesis
  • Heavy metals
  • Hyper-cross-linked polymer
  • Water pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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