Graphene controlled organic photodetectors

A. Mekki, A. Dere, Kwadwo Mensah-Darkwa, Ahmed Al-Ghamdi, R. K. Gupta*, K. Harrabi, W. A. Farooq, Farid El-Tantawy, F. Yakuphanoglu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Drop casting deposition technique was used to fabricate graphene oxide doped methylene blue (GO doped MB) photodiode, Al/p-Si/GO doped MB/Au. The effects of illumination on the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of the Al/p-Si/GO doped MB/Au Schottky diode for optical sensing applications were explored. The reverse current of the diode in the reverse bias increases with the increasing illumination intensities. The obtained trends for both ideality factor and barrier height are in agreement, suggesting that they are both affected by GO doping. The photosensitivity of the photodiodes was investigated. The highest photosensitivity was observed for the diode having 0.03 GO:MB ratio with Iphoto/Idark ratio of 8.67 × 103 at 100 mW/cm2 under 10 V. The rectification ratio was of the order of 104. In addition, the capacitance-voltage (C-V) and conductance-voltage (G-V) measurements of the diode were studied in the frequency range of 10 kHz-1 MHz. The measured values of the capacitance decrease with the increasing frequency. The decrease in capacitance was explained on the basis of interface states. The photoelectrical properties of Al/p-Si/GO doped MB/Au devices indicate that the prepared diodes can be used both as a photodiode and a photocapacitor in optoelectronic device applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-56
Number of pages14
JournalSynthetic Metals
Volume217
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Three of the authors (AM, KH & FY) would like to thank The Deanship of Scientific Research at KFUPM for supporting this work under project #IN141009.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Graphene oxide
  • Methylene blue
  • Photodiode
  • Solar energy materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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