Freezing Point

Naef A.A. Qasem, Muhammad M. Generous, Bilal A. Qureshi, Syed M. Zubair*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The freezing point is a thermodynamic property representing the temperature at which the substance changes from liquid to solid. It is equal to the melting point that happens with the change of the solid phase to the liquid phase at the same temperature. This chapter discusses the correlation and data used to estimate the freezing point at different salinity and pressure values. In addition, the calculated freezing point values from the correlations are compared and assessed against the experimental data of seawater. This chapter suggests some correlations based on their accuracy and operating conditions. Moreover, the codes used for the estimation of the investigated correlations are supplied.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Water
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameSpringer Water
VolumePart F1299
ISSN (Print)2364-6934
ISSN (Electronic)2364-8198

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Boiling point
  • Cooling
  • Correlations
  • Freezing point
  • Saline water
  • Thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Freezing Point'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this