Field evaluation of corrosion mitigation on reinforced concrete in marine exposure conditions

Ahmed Abd El Fattah*, Ibrahim Al-Duais, Kyle Riding, Michael Thomas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The Arabian Gulf is one of the most unfriendly environments for concrete structures due to the harsh chloride attack to reinforcing steel. Durability of concrete is improved by the addition of Supplementary Cementitious Materials (SCMs) and/or chemical agents to concrete mixtures. A marine exposure site was constructed on the west coast of the Gulf in order to study the influence of SCMs and chemical admixtures on corrosion activities in reinforced concrete. Plain and reinforced concrete blocks made from eight mixes, containing cement Type I and Type V with different SCMs and corrosion inhibitors (MCI, CNI, and Caltite), were subjected to natural marine weathering process in exposure zones; tidal, splash and atmospheric for twelve months. Eight blocks, four plain and four reinforced with four black steel bars with various cover depth, were made from each mix. The blocks were monitored and their performance were evaluated in terms of chloride ingress and steel corrosion activity. Corrosion inhibitors showed better effectiveness with cover depth increase. Fly ash and slag cement showed the best performance of corrosion mitigation. Caltite showed marginal reductions in chloride concentrations and a slight improvement in corrosion rates compared to control blocks. The atmospheric-exposed samples showed marginal increase in chloride surface concentration unlike the tidal-exposed ones. The results illustrate the importance of ensuring adequate cover depth for achieving a long service life in harsh environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)663-674
Number of pages12
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - 20 Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd


  • Chloride bulk diffusion
  • Chloride diffusion coefficient
  • Corrosion inhibitors
  • Durability
  • Hydrophobic materials
  • Linear polarization resistance
  • Marine exposure site
  • Supplementary cementitious materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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