Fiber-embedded metallic materials: From sensing towards nervous behavior

Nouari Saheb*, Samir Mekid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Embedding of fibers in materials has attracted serious attention from researchers and has become a new research trend. Such material structures are usually termed "smart" or more recently "nervous". Materials can have the capability of sensing and responding to the surrounding environmental stimulus, in the former, and the capability of feeling multiple structural and external stimuli, while feeding information back to a controller for appropriate real-time action, in the latter. In this paper, embeddable fibers, embedding processes, and behavior of fiber-embedded metallic materials are reviewed. Particular emphasis has been given to embedding fiber Bragg grating (FBG) array sensors and piezo wires, because of their high potential to be used in nervous materials for structural health monitoring. Ultrasonic consolidation and laser-based layered manufacturing processes are discussed in detail because of their high potential to integrate fibers without disruption. In addition, current challenges associated with embedding fibers in metallic materials are highlighted and recommendations for future research work are set.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7938-7961
Number of pages24
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 by the authors.


  • Embeddable fibers
  • Embedding processes
  • Metals
  • Nervous materials
  • Smart materials
  • Structural health monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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