Experimental investigation of the stability of a turbulent diffusion flame in a gas turbine combustor

Syed A. Said*, Mansur Aliyu, Medhat A. Nemitallah, Mohamed A. Habib, Ibrahim B. Mansir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The stability of a turbulent diffusion flame temperature in an atmospheric gas-turbine combustor is investigated experimentally over a range of operating conditions to study the combined effect of hydrogen-enriched- methane (as fuel) and oxygen with carbon dioxide (oxy-fuel, as the oxidizer) on the combustion flame stability. These conditions included varying fuel and oxidizer mixture compositions, swirl angles, and equivalence ratios. The fuel (i.e. methane) is enriched with hydrogen (H2) in a ratio that ranged from zero to 50%; where the oxidizer (pure oxygen) is mixed with carbon dioxide (CO2) in a ratio that ranged from zero up to the value of flame blow-off. Different swirl vane angles corresponding to different swirl numbers were considered. The results indicated that stable regime (flame) is achieved close to stoichiometric conditions at high oxygen (O2) to CO2 ratio and high H2 (50%) enriched fuel; while the flame blow-off occurred at low O2 to CO2 ratios (20% or less). High-level flame stability with moderate flame length and temperature were observed at the highest swirl vane angle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)904-913
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy
Volume157
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Flame stability
  • Gas turbine combustor
  • Hydrogen enrichment
  • Oxy-combustion
  • Swirl effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Energy
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation

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