Exergoeconomic assessment of the ejector-based battery thermal management system for electric and hybrid-electric vehicles

Yousif M. Alkhulaifi, Naef A.A. Qasem, Syed M. Zubair*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The battery is a critical component for operating electric and hybrid electric vehicles where temperature control is vital for safe and efficient operation. In this paper, the ejector-based battery thermal management system (BTMS) performance is compared to the basic BTMS from thermal and exergoeconomic perspectives. The ejector is added to mix the refrigerant streams from the cabin evaporator and battery chiller, thus delivering the mixture to the compressor with higher pressure to reduce compression power and improve system performance. The exergoeconomic study is carried out for different evaporator, chiller, and condenser temperatures and different battery thermal loads to illustrate the ejector-based system's technical and economic feasibility. Results show an optimal (minimal) total system cost rate of 0.9092 US$/h for the ejector-based system, compared to 1.0222 US$/h for the basic system (11.1% reduction). Based on the applied conditions, the total exergy destruction is found to be 1.596 kW for the ejector-based BTMS and 2.243 kW for the basic BTMS, representing a 28.8% reduction compared to the basic system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123252
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • Battery
  • Economics
  • Electric vehicles
  • Exergy
  • Thermal management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Energy
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation


Dive into the research topics of 'Exergoeconomic assessment of the ejector-based battery thermal management system for electric and hybrid-electric vehicles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this