Evaluation of the critical behavior near ferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase transition in CrTe1-xSex alloys: An experimental study

M. Kh Hamad*, I. C. Nlebedim, Kh A. Ziq*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We used the conventional solid-state reaction method to prepare stoichiometric samples of CrTe1-xSex, where 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.10, and investigated the structural and critical behavior of the prepared samples. Room temperature powder X-ray diffraction, along with Rietveld refinement, revealed the emergence of the NiAs structure with P63/mmc (194) space group with increasing Se substitution. The high-temperature linear fit to inverse of the dc-susceptibility versus temperature for the mother sample resulted in an effective moment of 3.65μB Cr with Curie-Weiss temperature near 335K, which is slightly higher than the Tc of ∼332K obtained from the inflection point of magnetization versus temperature. Magnetization isotherms were employed to investigate the critical behavior of ferromagnetic CrTe1-xSex with 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.10 near their Curie temperatures (Tc). The magnetic behavior near Tc was found to follow 3D mean-field critical exponents with a second-order phase transition in all samples investigated. We fine-tuned the critical exponents (β, γ, and δ) using a combination of an iteration technique, the Kouvel-Fisher method, and modified Arrott plots. All samples follow a mean field behavior, with Tc ranging from 298 to 340K. The acquired values exhibit self-consistency, as indicated by the results from the Widom scaling relation. Furthermore, the magnetization isotherms exhibit a universal scaling behavior, providing additional credence to the calculated critical exponents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number415072
JournalPhysica B: Condensed Matter
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project has been supported by the Deanship of Scientific Research at KFUPM , Saudi Arabia, under project No. SB201024 . The work performed at Ames Laboratory, operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by Iowa State University of Science and Technology under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11358 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V.


  • Alloys
  • Critical behavior
  • Critical exponents
  • Universal scaling behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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