Evaluating and optimizing evacuation plans for crowd egress

Vincius J. Cassol*, Estevao Smania Testa, Claudio Rosito Jung, Muhammad Usman, Petros Faloutsos, Glen Berseth, Mubbasir Kapadia, Norman I. Badler, Soraia Raupp Musse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Evacuation planning is an important and difficult task in building design. The proposed framework can identify optimal evacuation plans using decision points, which control the ratio of agents that select a particular route at a specific spatial location. The authors optimize these ratios to achieve the best evacuation based on a quantitatively validated metric for evacuation performance. This metric captures many of the important aspects of an evacuation: Total evacuation time, average evacuation time, agent speed, and local agent density. The proposed approach was validated using a night club model that incorporates real data from an actual evacuation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8013477
Pages (from-to)60-71
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was partially supported by Brazil’s CNPq (grant 305084/2016-0) and CAPES (grants 99999.007102/2014-03 and BEX 7116-14-4) and the NSERC Discovery Program, Canada.

Publisher Copyright:
© 1981-2012 IEEE.


  • computer graphics
  • crowd analysis
  • crowd evacuations
  • crowd simulation
  • evacuation optimization
  • evacuation plans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluating and optimizing evacuation plans for crowd egress'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this