Evacuation planning is an important and difficult task in building design. The proposed framework can identify optimal evacuation plans using decision points, which control the ratio of agents that select a particular route at a specific spatial location. The authors optimize these ratios to achieve the best evacuation based on a quantitatively validated metric for evacuation performance. This metric captures many of the important aspects of an evacuation: Total evacuation time, average evacuation time, agent speed, and local agent density. The proposed approach was validated using a night club model that incorporates real data from an actual evacuation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by Brazil’s CNPq (grant 305084/2016-0) and CAPES (grants 99999.007102/2014-03 and BEX 7116-14-4) and the NSERC Discovery Program, Canada.
© 1981-2012 IEEE.
- computer graphics
- crowd analysis
- crowd evacuations
- crowd simulation
- evacuation optimization
- evacuation plans
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design