Estimation of the total organic carbon using functional neural networks and support vector machine

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Total organic carbon (TOC) is an important factor for the characterization of unconventional shale resources; which is currently evaluated by either conducting extensive laboratory work, using empirical correlations developed based on linear regression analysis, or applying artificial intelligence (AI) techniques. The AI models approved their efficiency for TOC estimation compared to the use or empirical correlation and they have the advantage of providing a continuous TOC profile compared to the laboratory-based evaluation. This study is aimed to evaluate the predictability of the TOC using two AI models namely functional neural networks (FNN) and support vector machine (SVM). The AI models were trained to estimate the TOC based on well log data of gamma ray, deep resistivity, sonic transit time, and bulk formation density, more than 500 datasets of the well logs and their corresponding core-derived TOC collected from Barnett shale were used to train and optimize the AI models. The predictability of the optimized AI models was then tested on other data from Barnett shale and validated on unseen data from Devonian shale. The ability of the optimized AI models to estimation the TOC for Devonian shale was compared with Wang's density-based correlation (WDC) which was developed recently to estimate the TOC for Devonian formation. The results showed that the AI models predicted the TOC with high accuracy, and they overperformed WDC in estimating the TOC for Devonian formation. For the validation data, FNN model overperformed SVM in estimating TOC with average absolute percentage error (AAPE) of 12.0% and correlation coefficient (R) of 0.88, while SVM model predicted the TOC with AAPE and R of 14.5% and 0.86, respectively, and WDC estimated the TOC with high AAPE of 34.6% and low R of 0.61.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Petroleum Technology Conference 2020, IPTC 2020
PublisherInternational Petroleum Technology Conference (IPTC)
ISBN (Electronic)9781613996751
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NameInternational Petroleum Technology Conference 2020, IPTC 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright 2020, International Petroleum Technology Conference.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Fuel Technology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Estimation of the total organic carbon using functional neural networks and support vector machine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this